Friday, September 30, 2011

How Life Expectancy for the Cervical Cancer in the World?

Life expectancy of patients with cervical cancer the same as in the cases of other cancers that depend on the stage of cancer and how quickly treatment. 

Life expectancy of patients with early stage cervical cancer subsequent to radical hysterectomy (removal of uterus with operations throughout the network) and pelvic lymphadenectomy (removal of lymph node tissue throughout the pelvic area with surgery) depends on several factors namely:

1. Lymph node status.
Patients who did not undergo lymph node spread have a 5-year survival rate (life expectancy up to 5 years) by 85% -90%. However, if there is spread to the lymph nodes then the percentage would drop to 20% -74% depending on the number, location, and size distribution.

2. Tumor size.
Patients with tumor size less than 2 cm have a survival rate of 90% and if the size is more than 2 cm, then its survival rate will drop to 60%. When tumors larger than 4 cm, survival rate can drop to 40%.

3. Invasion (spread to the inside) to the parametrial tissue.
Patients with parametrial invasion of cancer to have a 5-year survival rate was 69% compared with that without the invasion by 95%. If the invasion is accompanied by positive lymph nodes, the survival rate was down to 39% -42%.

4. The depth of invasion.
Invasion of the surface of the cervix <1 cm have a 5-year survival rate around 90% and will drop to 63% -78% if depth> 1 cm.

5. Whether or not the invasion of lymph-vascular space.
The invasion of the area as a prognostic factor remains controversial. Some studies say 50% -70% 5-year survival rate occurs when the invasion of the lymph-vascular space and the survival rate of 90% in the absence of invasion. However, other studies have claimed that there were no significant differences in the presence of invasion or not. Life expectancy of five years (5 Years Survival Rate) if the cancer is detected and treated at stage 1 is 70-75%, in stage 2 was 60 percent, live on stage 3 25%, and in four patients with difficult stage is expected to survive. If the disease is found as a pre-cancerous lesions, patients can still be treated as perfect and of higher life expectancy.

Is there any relation between the age of patients with cervical cancer life expectancy? Many studies have found that the incidence (incidence) of cervical cancer at a young age will increase, and looks more aggressive tumors. In a retrospective analysis conducted on 2628 patients, found that the incidence and degree of malignancy was higher in younger age groups.

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