Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Women in the World Need to Do a test of Cervical Cancer once the Three Year

TEST screening to detect cervical cancer do not need to be done once a year. A recent study showed that women who have been running a pap smear and HPV test with negative results can repeat the process three years later.

For those of you who are still confused how the recommended period of time to re-perform cervical cancer screening tests, was able to get jawabannya.Menurut recent study, women who are aged 30 years or older who get good results from the two cervical cancer screening tests or cervical cancer available today can wait up to three years for the next test, instead of one year. 

"These findings are not likely to be controversial," said Dr. Charles Capen, chief of gynecology / oncology at Scott & White Healthcare in Temple, Texas, United States, as quoted by HealthDay.

He warned that the latest guidelines already recommend that women aged 30 years and over who are otherwise healthy are welcome pap smear tests and tests for the virus associated with cervical cancer after three years, during initial tests are both negative.

U.S. National Cancer Institute says, unlike some types of cancer, cervical cancer usually grows slowly and the patient can be cured if detected early. "This (new study) reaffirmed these latest guidelines," says Dr. Therese Bevers, medical director of Cancer Prevention Center at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, United States.
"It was very exciting because it can provide assurance to physicians and women everywhere," he continued. "Hopefully, these findings also will spur more and more doctors are really following these guidelines," said Bevers.

Moreover, a recent study revealed that most doctors recommend a pap smear tests more often than is recommended, ie once a year.

The findings of this study will be presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology held in June in Chicago, United States. The result itself was released on Wednesday (18 / 5) via teleconference. The risk of cervical cancer can be tested by two different tests.

First, with the traditional pap smear tests, which look for abnormalities in cervical cells. Second, a new test that can detect the DNA of the virus that causes most cases of cervical cancer, which is human papillomavirus, or HPV. Screening is called the HPV test.

Meanwhile, this new study involving more than 330,000 women enrolled in the framework of health in northern California who run both types of tests between 2003 and 2005 and continues to be monitored for five years after the test.

The estimated five-year risk of developing cervical cancer was 7.5 per 100,000 women for their Pap smear result is normal, compared with 3.8 per 100,000 for women who test HPV negative.

When two tests were performed simultaneously that produces negative results, the risk estimated at about 3.2 per 100,000 women, which means that HPV testing alone is almost as good as the combined.

"With HPV testing alone (predicted) risk of cancer is very low for women, although not reduced (risk) with a normal pap smear result," said study leader Hormuzd Katki, who is also a principal investigator in the division of cancer epidemiology and genetics at the U.S. National Cancer Institute.

That means that women who test negative HPV screening may extend the period up to three years without adverse consequences.
"It begs the question, HPV testing should be standard on a number of points," said Bevers.
"It is very important for developing countries that most do not have the ability to translate the pap smear test," he said again.
"HPV testing is much easier." It's like doing a home pregnancy test. The result is positive or negative, "says Bevers.

However, there are still uses for Pap smear tests, which is to follow up HPV test results are positive. "Pap smear test can identify women who have the disease more quickly," said Katki.

Cervical cancer is now the number one cause of death from this type of cancer that strikes women. World Health Organization (WHO) states, the current cervical cancer is ranked top among the various types of cancer that causes death in women in the world. In Indonesia, every year more than 15,000 detected cases of cervical cancer and about 8,000 cases of which ended with the death.

The cause is a change in microbial genes such as HPV, radiation or chemical contamination. Early-stage cervical cancer that can be handled quickly recover to 100 percent. Cervical cancer is cancer that occurs in the uterine cervix, an area in which the female reproductive organ is the entrance to the uterus located between the womb (uterus) and vagina intercourse (organ V).

Then cervical cancer attacking whom? At risk, among women who have had sexual intercourse at a young age, women who have sexual contact with multiple partners, smoking, and eating less vegetables and fruits.

No comments:

Post a Comment