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Tuesday, September 27, 2011

Beware of Transmission of Cervical Cancer From Now on!!

Way transmission of cervical cancer, cervical cancer and about the definition of transmission of cervical cancer presented in this article how, and what is cervical cancer, hopefully this article on cervical cancer can be helpful as reference materials, please direct read, cervical cancer (cervical) or cervical carcinoma Uterine cancer is the number two killer in the world of women after breast cancer, as well as in the United States. advanced cervical cancer often leads to death within a period of relatively rapid. Cervix or uterus / cervix is ​​the lower end of the uterus that protrudes into copulation canal (vagina). Cervical cancer develops in stages, but progressive. The process begins with the occurrence of cancer cells mutate and evolve into dysplastic cells, causing epithelial abnormalities called dysplasia. Starting from mild dysplasia, dysplasia moderate, severe dysplasia, and eventually became carcinoma in-situ. 

(KIS), then expand again to invasive carcinoma. Levels of dysplasia and KIS is also known as pre-cancerous. From dysplasia to carcinoma in-situ takes 1-7 years, whereas carcinoma in-situ to carcinoma invasifberkisar3-20tahun. 

Risk factors: 
There are several factors that can increase the risk of cervical cancer, among others are:

  1. Sex at a young age or marriage at a young age.  This factor is a major risk factor. The younger a woman to have sex, the greater the risk for cervical cancer. Based on research by experts, women who had sex at age less than 17 years had a risk three times greater than those married at age over 20 years. 
  2. Sexual promiscuity.  Sexual behavior in the form of mutually sex partners will increase the transmission of venereal disease. Borne diseases such as infection of human papilloma virus (HPV) has been shown to increase the incidence of cervical cancer, penis and vulva. Risk of cervical cancer to be 10-fold in women who have sexual partners 6 or more. In addition, herpes simplex virus type-2 can be a factor chaperone. 
  3. Smoke.  Women smokers have two times greater risk of cervical cancer compared with women who did not smoke. Research has shown that cervical mucus in women smokers contains nicotine and other substances that exist in cigarettes. These substances will reduce cervical resistance in addition to co-carcinogens meropakan viral infection. 
  4. Nutrient deficiency. There are several studies which concluded that folic acid deficiency may increase the risk of mild and moderate dysplasia, and may also increase the risk of cervical cancer in women with low food beta carotene and retinol (vitamin A). 
  5. Chronic trauma to the cervix such as childbirth, infections, and chronic irritation. In the precancerous phase, often no symptoms or signs typical. However, sometimes symptoms can be found as follows: Whitish or watery discharge from the vagina. Bleeding after intercourse which then continues into the abnormal bleeding. Incidence of bleeding after the menopause. In the invasive phase can discharge yellowish, odorless and can be mixed with blood. Symptoms arise if there is bleeding chronic anemia. Pelvic pain (pelvic) or in the lower abdomen when there is inflammation of the pelvis. When pain occurs in areas below the waist, the possibility of hydronephrosis. In addition, pain can also arise in other places. In later stages, the body becomes emaciated due to malnutrition, edema legs, bladder irritation and bottom of the shaft colon (rectum), vesikovaginal or rectovaginal fistula formation, or the symptoms arise due to distant metastases. Like cancer, these cancers may also have spread (metastasis).
The spread of cervical cancer there are three kinds, namely: 
  • Through the lymph vessels (limfogen) to the other lymph nodes. 
  • Through the blood vessels (haematogenous). 
  • Direct spread to the parametrial, uterine corpus, vagina, bladder and rectum. 
The spread far through the blood vessels and lymph vessels, especially to the lungs, mediastinal lymph nodes and supraklavikuler, bone and liver. The spread to the lungs causing symptoms of coughing, coughing up blood, and sometimes chest pain. Sometimes accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes, especially the left supra-clavicle. 

In cases of cervical cancer deaths occur because most patients who seek treatment are already in an advanced stage. In fact, with the discovery of this cancer at an early stage, the possibility of this disease can be cured almost 100%. In fact, cervical cancer is actually this highly preventable. 
Approximately 90-99 percent of cervical cancers are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The virus can be transferred through sexual intercourse and can be present in different variations. There are some cases of HPV virus that subsides by itself, and there is progress to cervical cancer, so it is quite threatening the health of female anatomy on this one. 

Examination: 
One of the problems that arise from HPV infections are often no symptoms or visible signs of the eye. According to the study of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, nearly half of women infected with HPV have no obvious symptoms. And moreover, people who are infected do not know that they can transmit HPV to other healthy people. 

Now, the 'weapon' best to prevent this cancer is a form called a Pap smear screening, and screening is very effective. A Pap smear is a cytological examination which was introduced by Dr. GN Papanicolaou in 1943 to determine the presence of malignancy (cancer) with a microscope. This examination is easily done, quick and painless. The problem is, many women who do not want to undergo this examination, and cervical cancer is usually just occur in women who have never checked out or would not perform this examination. Yet if the women want to do these checks, then the disease could one day disappear, just like polio. 

Pap smears are advised to be done by the women regularly once a year in a row within three years if they are sexually active and at least 21 years old. When the results of three consecutive years of normal, further testing can be performed every three years. Cervix is ​​a special organ that is easy to determine through a pap smear, biopsy, and direct the laser can be seen, unlike the lungs that are hidden in the body. So if the pap smear is quite global, in the sense that all women in the world are already aware of the importance of this examination, means no more excuses for cervical cancer later in life.

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